Basti is the most important of the therapies in Panchakarma. It involves the introduction of herbal oils and decoctions into the colon through rectum. Basti is described for diseases with imbalanced Doshas having predominance of Vata or for diseases with Vata imbalance alone, In Sanskrit ‘Vasti’ means bladder. A special device consisting of a small tube and bladder is used to administer the medicine.
In Nirooha Basti,herbal decoctions are used and in Anuvasana or Snehavasti, medicated oils. The appropriate time for performing Basti is one or two hours before noon. Anuvasan basti is performed immediately after meals. The herbal fluid is allowed to remain in the colon for a specific period for proper absorption. When it is let out, toxins(doshaj) from the dhatus are eliminated along with the faecal matter.
Basti is not recommended for patients suffering from diarrhoea, asthma,Swelled piles .As in the case of vamana, after basti, Peyadikarma or a diet regimen has to be adhered to strictly .
Dryness of the body
Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Avascular necrosis of bones.
Atrophic conditions of the muscles
Neurological disorders / diseases of the brain
Increase in appetite
A feeling of lightness in the body
Increase in the mobility of the joints
Complete evacuation of the bowels.
Oleation of the entire body, especially the GI tract
Improvement in the activity of the nervous system
Reduction in pains and aches in the joints and muscles
It helps in regeneration of tissues of body.